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三位科学家共享2016年诺贝尔物理学奖
时间:2021-07-09 来源:澳门十大正规网赌平台 浏览量 26221 次
本文摘要:The 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics is being shared by three scientists, the Royal Academy of Sciences announced last Tuesday.瑞典皇家科学院于上周二宣告,2016年诺贝尔物理学奖由三位科学家共享。

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The 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics is being shared by three scientists, the Royal Academy of Sciences announced last Tuesday.瑞典皇家科学院于上周二宣告,2016年诺贝尔物理学奖由三位科学家共享。The Nobel Prize in Physics 2016 was divided, with one half awarded to David J. Thouless, the other half jointly to F. Duncan M. Haldane and J. Michael Kosterlitz for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter.2016年诺贝尔物理学奖被一分为二,其中一半颁发给了大卫·J·索利斯,另一半颁发给了F·邓肯·M·霍尔丹和J·迈克尔·科斯特利兹,以表扬他们在流形热力学和流形领域的理论找到。Through a telephone interview, Haldane said he was very surprised at the news, adding that he was glad that their discoveries found something many previously overlooked. He emphasized that a lot of work was still ongoing.霍尔丹通过一则电话专访回应,他对这一消息深感“十分惊艳”,并回应自己很高兴他们的研究找到了一些很多人之前忽略过的东西。他还特别强调,大量的工作仍在展开当中。

This years laureates opened the door on an unknown world where matter can assume strange states, the Royal Academy of Sciences said in an official statement.瑞典皇家科学院在一份官方声明中回应:“今年的获奖者关上了一扇通向不得而知世界的大门,在那里,物质可以呈现怪异的状态。”They have used advanced mathematical methods to study unusual phases, or states, of matter such as superconductors, superfluids or thin magnetic films.“他们利用高等数学的方法,研究了物质的一些类似相或状态,比如超导体、超强流体和磁性薄膜等。

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”Thanks to their pioneering work, the hunt is now on for new and exotic phases of matter. Many people are hopeful of future applications in both materials science and electronics.“感激他们出众的工作,如今,人类对物质的新奇相态的研究正在进行。许多人对材料科学和电子学的未来应用于前景充满希望。”Thouless is currently emeritus professor at the University of Washington. Haldane is professor of Physics at Princeton University, while Kosterlitz is professor of Physics at Brown University.索利斯现在是华盛顿大学的荣誉教授。霍尔丹是普林斯顿大学物理学教授,而科斯特利兹则是布朗大学物理学教授。

This years prize amount is 8 million Swedish krona ($0.93 million), with one half to Thouless and the other half to be shared between Haldane and Kosterlitz.今年的奖金额为800万瑞典克朗(折算93万美元),其中一半颁发给了索利斯,另一半由霍尔丹和科斯特利兹共享。


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